Theories and applications of neural networks, self-organising systems, and learning systems
Image/video processing, enhancement and recognition; face recognition
Nonstationary signal processing and time series analysis and prediction
Pattern recognition, data dimensionality reduction and manifold learning
Independent component analysis and blind deconvolution
Multidimensional data mining and visualisation
neuroinformatics and bioinformatics
MSc/4th year module on Digital Image Processing (since 2010)
MSc/4th year module on Digital Image Engineering (since 1999)
4th year module on Advanced Signal Processing (2006-2009)
3rd year module on Digital
Signal Processing (2002-2005)
2nd year module on High
Level Programming (1998-2002)
1st year module on Measurements and Analytical Software (since 2010)
Winner of the IJCNN 2015 Time Series Prediction Competition with the work, "Multistep Forecast Using an Extended Self-Organizing Regressive Neural Network" by Ouyang Yicun and Hujun Yin.
Member of the EPSRC Peer Review College (since 2006).
Ketnote/Plenary Speaker at HAIS 2013, IEEE IST 2012, and CBIC 2011. Tutorial Speaker at VIIP 2009 and at WCCI 2008 (Title: Nonlinear Dimensionality Reduction and Data Visualisation). Plenary Speaker of HAIS 2008. Chair of Special Session on Principal Manifolds and Data Visualisation at IJCNN 2007.
An organiser of Biologically Inspired Information Fusion Workshop, Surrey, 22-23 August 2006.
A talk on "The Self-Organising Maps for Data Visualisation and Manifold Mapping" to
Workshop on Principal Manifolds, Leicester, 24-26 August 2006.
A partner of the UK ICA Research Network.
Lectured on "Neural Networks" and "Self-Organising Maps" to
The British Computer Society, Summer School 2003.
Invited seminars to a number of universities, both within the UK and abroad, DTI Outreach Programme,
EPSRC workshops on
Data Mining and Visualisation,
Networks on Systems Biology,
as Neural Computing Application Forum.
Here is an early review paper on nonlinear multidimensional data projection and visualisation. Here is
a recent talk at IJCNN 2007 on SOMs and MDS.
Senior Member of the IEEE (since 2003).
IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics (since 2015).
IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks (2006-2010).
International Journal of Neural Systems (since 2005).
Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms, Vol. 5, no. 4, 2006 Special Issue.
Guest-Editor, International Journal of Neural Systems, Vol. 15, no. 5, 2006 Special Issue.
Neural Networks, Vol. 15, nos. 8-9, 2002 Special Issue.
Guest-editor of 2012 Special Issue on Advanced Computational Techniques and Tools for Neuroscience,
for the Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience journal. submissions are now closed!
General or Program Chair of the International Conference on Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning (IDEAL), an established conference on data analytics and learning paradigms and their applications. Its proceedings (published as LNCS series) have been ranked as one of the top 25% downloaded by the Springer.
General Co-Chair of IDEAL'15, Wroclaw, Poland; IDEAL'14, Salamanca, Spain; IDEAL'12, Natal, Brazil; IDEAL'11, Norwich, UK; IDEAL'10, Paisley, Scotland, IDEAL'09, Burgos, Spain; IDEAL'08, Daejeon, South Korea;
IDEAL'06, Burgos, Spain;
IDEAL'05, Queensland, Australia.
Program Committee Chair of IDEAL'13, Hefei, China; IDEAL'07, Birmingham, UK); IDEAL'04, Exeter, UK; IDEAL'03, Hong Kong; IDEAL'02, Manchester, UK.
Program Committee Co-Chair, 2006 International Symposium on Neural Networks.
Co-Chair, Publication Committee, 2005 International Symposium on Neural Networks.
Co-Chair, Publication Committee, 2004 International Symposium on Neural Networks.
Member of Steering Committee, Workshop on Self-Organising Maps series.
Programme Committee members for a number of international conferences.
Current and Recent Research Projects
MIMIT I-Patch: Development of gaming-based mobile monitoring treatment for childhood amblyopia, 2013-2014. £ 20K (with T. Aslam and J. Ashworth)
Roy. Soc. Travel Grant: International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, Limassol, Cyprus. 2009, £1.5K
EPSRC: Reliable Face-based Authentication for Mobile Healthcare Applications (EPSRC IAA-058), 2014-2015, £99.7K (with £25k Industrial Input from eLucid Ltd.)
Data Reduction Techniques for Systematic Information Quantification in Large Scale, Multiple Spike Trains (EP/E057101/1), 2007-2008, £63K (with S. Panzeri of Life Sciences)
Workshop on Biologically Inspired Information Fusion (EP/E012795/1), 2006, £13.5K
(with M. Casey, A. Browne, P. Sowden).
Nonlinear ICA and Applications to Image/Video Noise Reduction (GR/R01460/01), 2001-2002, £60K
(with N. Allinson)
Emergent Behaviour Computing (GR/M56500/01), 1999-2000, £50K
(with N. Allinson, H. Bolouri (CalTech), A. Holden (Leeds), J. Austin (York), A. Jones (Cardiff)).
Fault-tolerant and Bayesian approaches to self-organising neural networks (GR/M12889/01), 1998 -2002, £176K (with N. Allinson)
BBSRC: Improved Identification of Proteins from Fragment Ion Spectra Using Machine Learning in Proteomics (EGM17685) , 2003-2006, £350K
(with S. Hubbard (Life Sciences), S. Gaskell (Chemistry)).
Integrative Systems Biology Centre, Manchester
as one of the 40 Investigators in this large strategic £6.2M grant led by Douglas Kell, 2005-2011.
CitNOW Ltd.: Automatic Detection of Vehicle Logos and Face Recognition in Videos, 2015-2016, £50K.
DTI and Premier Tech. Ltd (MTI): (KTA, formerly Teaching Company Scheme)
Data Mining and Knowledge Management, 2000-2002, £175K
(with J. Keane, N. Allinson).
EPS Strategic Fund: Neural Techniques for Automatic Detecting Abnormal Patterns in Power System Operations, 2011-2012, £20K
(with J. Milanovic).
Research Students and Associates
Current PhD Students:
- Shireen m. Zaki, working
on Multimanifold for Variations in Face Recognition. 2012-2016.
- Richard Hankins, working
on Actions Recognition with Deep Learning for Robotics. 2014-2017.
- Ali Alsuwaidi, working
on Hyperspectral Image Analysis and Classification for e-Agri Applications. 2014-2017.
- Yao Peng, working
on Deep Learning for Robust Face Detection, Alignment and Recognition. 2015-2018.
- Jing Huo, working
on Hetergeneous Face Recognition. 2015-2016. On leave from Nanjing University.
- Ananya Gupta, working
on Deep Learning for Object Recognition in Challenging Environments. 2016-2019.
- Yicun Ouyang, awarded PhD in April 2016 with thesis on
on Neural Networks for Finanical Time Series Modelling and Prediction.
- James Burstone,
awarded PhD in 2014 with thesis on Generative Modles for Robust Face Recognition.
- Aftab Khan,
awarded PhD in 2013/14 with thesis on Efficient Methodologies for Single-Image Blind Deconvolution and Deblurring.
- Weilin Huang, awarded PhD in 2012/13 with thesis on Robust Facial Representation for
- Zareen Mehboob,
awarded PhD in 2011 with thesis on Information Theoretic Neural Information Processing.
- He Ni, awarded PhD in 2008 with thesis on
on Self-Organising Local Regressive Models for Nonstationary Financial Time-Series; and now a lecturer at Zhejiang Gongshang University.
- Israr Hussain, awarded PhD in 2008 with the thesis on
Non-Gaussianity Based Image Deblurring and Denoising.
- Shireen Md Zaki, awarded MPhil in 2008 with thesis title: Growing Self-Organising Networks for Face Recognition.
- Amber Lei Wang Clifton, awarded PhD in 2007 with
the thesis on Novelty Detection and Fusion of Classifiers; and now works at Oxford University.
- Carla Möller-Levet, awarded PhD in 2005 with
the thesis on Clustering Algorithms for Microarray Data; and now works at the Paterson Institute for Cancer Research.
- Swapna Sarvesvaran, awarded MPhil in 2005 with the thesis
on Data Analysis and Visualisation Methods for Gene Expressions; and now works for the Centrica.
- Richard Freeman, awarded PhD in 2004 with the thesis on
Text/Document Mining and Management Using Neural Networks; and now works at the Capgemini.
- James Burstone, working on Reliable Mobile Face Recognition App (2014-2015).
- King-Wai Lau, working
on Machine Learning for Protein Sequence from Mass Spectrometry, a joint project with
Biomolecular Sciences Department (School of Life Sciences) (2003-2006) and is now with the School of Life Sciences.
- Michel Haritopoulos, worked on Nonlinear ICA and Image Denoising (2001-2003)
- Qingfu Zhang, worked on ICA and SOMs (1999-2001) and is now at University of Essex.
- A. Clifton, D.A. Clifton, Y. Zhang, P. Watkinson, L. Tarassenko, H. Yin, "Probabilistic novelty detection with support vector machines," IEEE Trans. on Reliability, Vol.63(2), pp. 455-467, 2014.
- J. Huo, Y. Gao, W. Yang, H. Yin, "Multi-Instance dictionary learning for detecting abnormal events in surveillance videos," Int. J. Neural Syst. Vol. 24(3), 2014.
- Y. Ouyang, H. Yin, "A neural gas mixture autoregressive network for modelling and forecasting FX time series," Neurocomputing, Vol.135, pp. 171-179, 2014.
- W. Huang and H. Yin, “On nonlinear dimensionality reduction for face recognition,” Image and Vision Computing, vol. 30(4-5), pp. 355-366, 2012.
- J. Burnstone and H. Yin, "Eigenlights: recovering illumination from face images," IDEAL 2011, pp. 490-497, 2011.
- A. Khan and H. Yin, "Spectral non-gaussianity for blind image deblurring," IDEAL 2011, pp. 144-151, 2011.
- Z. Mehboob and H. Yin, “Information quantification of empirical mode decomposition and applications to field potentials,” Int. J. Neural Syst., vol. 21(1), pp. 49-63, 2010.
- B. Baruque, E. Corchado and H. Yin, "The S2-ensemble fusion algorithm," Int. J. Neural Syst., vol. 21(6), pp. 505-525, 2011.
- H. Yin "Advances in adaptive nonlinear manifolds and dimensionality reduction," Frontiers of Electrical and Electronic Engineering in Chinas, Vol. 6(1), pp. 72-85, 2011.
- H. Yin and W. Huang, "Adaptive nonlinear manifolds and their applications to pattern recognition," Information Sciences, Vol. 180(14), pp. 2649-2662, 2010.
- W. Huang and H. Yin, “A dissimilarity kernel with local features for robust facial recognition,” ICIP 2010, pp. 3785-3788, 2010.
- H. Yin, "Dimensionality reduction and manifold learning via topological mappings," Neural Networks Tri-Society Newsletters, Vol. 7(2), pp. 7-9, 2009.
- H. Ni and H. Yin, “Exchange rate prediction using hybrid neural networks and trading indicators,” Neurocomputing, , Vol. 72, pp. 2815-2823, 2009.
- H. Ni and H. Yin, “A self-organising mixture autoregressive network for FX time series modelling and prediction,” Neurocomputing, , Vol. 72, pp. 3529-3537, 2009.
- Z. Mehboob and H. Yin, “Information preserving empirical mode decomposition for filtering field potentials,” IDEAL 2009, pp. 226-233, 2009.
- W. Huang and H. Yin, “ViSOM for dimensionality reduction in face recognition,” WSOM 2009, pp. 107-115, 2009.
- H. Ni and H. Yin, "Self-organising mixture autoregressive model for non-stationary time series modelling," International Journal of Neural Systems, Vol. 18, pp. 469-480, 2008.
- S.M. Zaki and H. Yin, "A semi-supervised learning algorithm for growing neural gas in face recognition," Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms, vol. 7, pp. 425-435, 2008.
- H. Yin, "On multidimensional scaling and embedding of self-organising maps," Neural Networks, Vol. 21, pp. 160-169, 2008.
- H. Yin and I. Hussain, "Independent component analysis and nongaussianity for blind image deconvolution and deblurring," Journal of Integrated Computer-Aided Engineering, vol. 15, pp. 219-228, 2008.
- H. Yin, S. Panzeri, Z. Mehboob, M.E. Diamond, "Decoding Population Neuronal Responses by Topological Clustering," Proc. Int. Conf. on Artificial Neural Networks (ICANN’08), Vol. II, 547-556, 2008.
- H. Yin, "Self-organising maps: Background, theories, extensions and applications (Invited Book Chapter)," Computational Intelligence: A Compendium, Springer, 715-762, 2008.
- H Yin, "Nonlinear dimensionality reduction and data visualisation: A review," International Journal of Automation and Computing, Vol. 4, pp. 294-303, 2007.
- H Yin, "Chapter 3: Learning nonlinear principal manifolds by self-organising maps (invited chapter)," A.N. Gorban, B. Kegl, D.C. Wunsch, A. Zinovyev (eds.) Principal Manifolds for Data Visualization and Dimension Reduction, pp. 68-95, 2007.
- L.A. Clifton, H. Yin, D.A. Clifton and Y. Zhang, , "“Combined support vector novelty detection for multi-channel combustion data," Proc. IEEE ICNSC’07, pp. 495-500, 2007.
- H Ni and H Yin, "Time-series prediction using self-organising mixture autoregressive network," Proc. IDEAL’07, , LNCS-4881, pp. 1000-1009, 2007.
- H Yin, "Connection between self-organising maps and metric multidimensional scaling," Proc. IJCNN’07, pp. 1025-1030, 2007.
- H Yin, "On the equivalence between kernel self-organising maps and self-organising
mixture density networks," Neural Networks, Vol. 19, pp. 780-784, 2006.
- KW Lau, H Yin and S Hubbard, "Kernel self-organising maps for classification," Neurocomputing, vol. 69, pp. 2033-2040, 2006.
- T McLaughlin, J Siepen, J Selley, JA Lynch, KW Lau, H Yin, S Gaskell, and S Hubbard, "PepSeeker: A database of proteome peptide identifications for investigating fragmentation patterns," Nucleic Acids Research, Vol. 34, pp. D649-D654, 2006.
- H Yin, “Introduction to learning algorithms - Editorial,” Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms, vol. 5(4), pp. 395-544, 2006.
- LA Clifton, H Yin and Y Zhang, "Support vector machine in novelty detection for multi-channel combustion data," Proc. Int. Symposium on Neural Networks (ISNN’06), Vol. III, 836-843, 2006.
- H Ni and H Yin, "Recurrent self-organising maps and local support vector machine models for exchange rate prediction," Proc. Int. Symposium on Neural Networks (ISNN’06), Vol. III, 504-511, 2006.
- C Möller-Levet and H Yin, "Modelling and analysis of gene expression time-series based on co-expression," International Journal of Neural Systems, Special Issue on Bioinformatics,
Vol. 15(4), pp. 311-322, 2005.
- R Freeman and H Yin, "Web content management by self-organisation," IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks,
Special Issue on Adaptive Learning Systems in Communication Networks, Vol. 16(5), pp. 1256-1268, 2005.
- C S Möller-Levet, F Klawonn, K-H Cho, H Yin, and O Wolkenhauer, "Clustering of unevenly sampled gene expression time-series data," Fuzzy Sets and Systems, Vol. 152(1), pp. 49-66, 2005.
- R Freeman and H Yin, "Tree view self-organisation of web content," Neurocomputing,
Vol. 63, pp. 415-446, 2005.
- Y Hao, J Liu, Y Wang, Y-M Chueng, H Yin, L Jiao, J Ma and Y-C Jiao (2005). Computational Intelligence and Security, Springer-Verlag: Berlin, ISBN 3-540-30818-0.
- H Yin, "Self-organising map as a natural kernel method (invited paper)," Proc. Int. Conf. on Neural Networks and Brain (ICNN&B’05), 1891-1894, IEEE Press 2005.
- B Li and H Yin, "Face recognition using support vector machine fusion and wavelet transform," Proc. Int. Conf. on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS’05), Vol. II, 764-771, 2005.
- KW Lau, J Lynch, T MacLaughlin, J Lovric, B Stapely, S Gaskell, H Yin, and S Hubbard, "Improved identification of proteins from fragment ion spectra using machine learning in proteomics," Proc. ASAM’05, 2005.
- H Yin and KW Lau, "Kernel SOMs and mixture networks,” Proc. WSOM’05, 421-427, 2005.
- B Li and H Yin, "Face recognition using RBF neural networks and wavelet transform," Proc. Int. Symposium on Neural Networks (ISNN’05), vol.II, 105-111, 2005.
- KW Lau, B Stapley, S Hubbard and H Yin, "Matching peptide sequences with mass spectra," Proc. Int. Conf. on Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning (IDEAL’05), 391-397, 2005.
- CS Möller-Levet and H Yin, "Circular SOM for temporal characterisation of modelled gene expressions," Proc. Int. Conf. on Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning (IDEAL’05), 319-326, 2005.
- R Freeman and H Yin, "Adaptive topological tree structure (ATTS) for document organisation and visualisation," Neural Networks,
Vol. 17, pp. 1255-1271, 2004.
- Z Yang, R Everson and H Yin (Eds.), Intelligent
Data Engineering and Automated Learning (IDEAL), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3177,, Springer: Berlin, 2004.
- C S Möller-Levet, H Yin, K-H Cho, and O Wolkenhauer, "Modelling gene expression
time-series with radial basis function neural networks," in Proc. IJCNN'04, pp. 1191-1196, 2004.
- C S Möller-Levet and H Yin, "Modelling and clustering of gene expressions using RBFs and a shape similarity metric," in Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3177, pp. 1-10, 2004.
- R Freeman and H Yin, "Topological tree for web organisation, discovery and exploration," Lecture Notes in Computer
Science 3177, pp. 478-484, 2004.
- S Sarvesvaran and H Yin, "Visualisation of distributions and clusters using ViSOMs on gene expression data," in Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3177, pp. 78-84, 2004.
- J Liu, Y Cheung, and H Yin (Eds.), Intelligent
Data Engineering and Automated Learning (IDEAL), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2690, Springer: Berlin,
- H Yin, "Resolution enhancement for the ViSOM, " in Proc. WSOM'03,
pp. 208-212, 2003.
- H Yin, "Nonlinear multidimensional data projection and visualisation," in Lecture Notes in Computer Science
2690, pp. 377-388, 2003.
- N M Allinson, K Obermayer and H Yin (Eds.), Neural
Network, Vol 15, Issues 8-9, 2002 Special Issue: New Developments in Self-Organising
- H Yin, N M Allinson, R Freeman, J Keane, and S Hubbard (Eds.),Intelligent
Data Engineering and Automated Learning, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2412, Springer: Berlin, 2002.
- H Yin, "ViSOM
- A novel method for multivariate data projection and structure
visualisation," IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, Vol. 13, No.
1, pp. 237-243, 2002.
- H Yin, "Data
visualisation and manifold mapping using ViSOM," Neural Networks,
Vol. 15, pp. 1005-1016, 2002.
- M Haritopoulos, H Yin and N Allinson, "Image
denoising using SOM-based nonlinear independent component analysis," Neural
Networks, Vol. 15, pp. 1085-1098, 2002.
- R Freeman, H Yin, and N Allinson, "Self-organising maps for tree view based hierarchical document
clustering,"" in Proc. IJCNN 2002, pp. 1906-1911, 2002.
- M Haritopoulos, H Yin and N Allinson, Self-organising map applied to image denoising," Proc. IEEE Workshop on Neural Networks for Signal Processing, pp. 525-534, 2002.
- R Freeman and H Yin, "Self-organising maps for hierarchical tree view document
clustering using contextual information,"" in Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2412, pp. 123-128, 2002.
- B Russell, H Yin and N M Allinson, "Document clustering using 1 + 1 dimensional Self-organising map,
" in Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2412, pp. 123-128, 2002.
- N Allinson, H Yin, L Allinson and J Slack (Eds),
Advances in Self-Organising Maps,, Springer: London, 2001.
- H Yin and N M Allinson, " Self-organising
mixture networks for probability density estimation," IEEE
Trans. on Neural Networks, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 405-411, 2001.
- H Yin and N M Allinson, " A Bayesian self-organising map for
Gaussian mixtures," IEE Proc.- Vision, Image and Signal Processing, Vol. 148, No. 4, pp. 234-240, 2001.
- M Haritopoulos, H Yin and N Allinson, " Multiplicative noise removal using self-organising maps," in Proc. Int. Conf. on
Independent Component Analysis, 2001, pp. 206-211.
- H Yin, " Visualisation induced SOM (ViSOM)," in Advances
in Self-Organising Maps, Springer, 2001, pp. 81-88.
- M Haritopoulos, H Yin and N Allinson, "Nonlinear blind
source separation using SOMs and applications to image denoising," in Advances
in Self-Organising Maps, Springer, 2001, pp. 275-282.
- Q Zhang, H Yin and N Allinson, "A simplified ICA based denoising
methods, " in Proc. Int. Joint. Conf. on Neural Networks,
Vol. 5, pp 479-482, 2000.
- Q Zhang, N Allinson and H Yin, "Population optimisation algorithm
based ICA, " in Proc. The First IEEE Symposium on Combinations of
Evolutionary Computation and Neural Networks, pp. 24-31, 2000.
- H Yin and N M Allinson, " Interpolating self-organising maps (iSOM),"
Electronics Letters, Vol. 35, No. 19, pp. 1649-1650, 1999.
- H Yin and N M Allinson, " Averaging ensembles of self-organising
mixture networks for density estimation," in Proc. Int. Joint Conf.
on Neural Networks (IJCNN'99), Vol. 2, pp. 1456-1460, 1999.
- N M Allinson and H Yin, " Self-organising maps for pattern
recognition," in Kohonen Maps, E. Oja and S. Kaski (Eds.),
Elsevier, 1999, pp. 111-120.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "A self-organising mixture network for
density modelling," in Proc. IEEE Int. Joint Conf. on Neural
Networks, Vol. 3, pp. 2277-2281, 1998.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "Bayesian learning for self-organising
maps," Electronics Letters, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 304-305, 1997.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "Comparison of a Bayesian SOM with the
EM algorithm for Gaussian mixtures," in Proc. Workshop on Self-Organising
Maps (WSOM'97), pp. 118-123, 1997.
- N M Allinson and H Yin, Part G 1.1 Unsupervised segmentation of textured
images, in Handbook of Neural Computation, E. Fiesler and R. Beale
(Eds.) A Joint Publication of The Institute of Physics Publishing and Oxford
University Press, 1997.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "An equidistortion principle constrained
SOM for vector quantisation," in Proc. Int. Conf. on Neural Inform.
Processing (ICONIP'96), Vol. 1, pp. 80-83, 1996.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "
On the distribution and convergence of the feature space in self-organising
maps," Neural Computation, Vol. 7, No. 6, pp. 1178-1187,
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "Towards the optimal Bayes classifier using
an extended self-organising map," in Proc Int. Conf. on Artificial
Neural Networks (ICANN'95), Vol. 2, pp. 45-49, 1995.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "Unsupervised segmentation of textured
images using a hierarchical neural structure," Electronics Letters,
Vol. 30, No. 22, pp. 1842-1843, 1994.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "Self-organised parameter estimation and
segmentation of MRF model-based texture images," in Proc IEEE Int.
Conf. on Image Processing(ICIP'94), Vol. 2, pp. 645-649, 1994.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "Self-organised segmentation of textured
images," in Proc Int. Conf. on Artificial Neural Networks (ICANN'94),
Vol. 2, pp. 1149-1152, 1994.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "On the distribution of feature
space in self-organising mapping and convergence accelerating by a Kalman
algortihm," in New Trends in Neural Computation, J. Mira, J.
Cabestany and A. Prieto (Eds.), Springer, 1993, pp. 291-296.
- H Yin and N M Allinson. "Stochastic analysis and comparison of
Kohonen SOM with optimal filters," In Proc. The Third IEE Int. Conf.
on Artificial Neural Networks, pp. 182-185, 1993.
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
The University of Manchester
Manchester, M13 9PL