Date: Sun, 5 Sep 1999 14:53:22 +0100 (GMT)
From: martin dodge
Subject: Cyber-Geography Research Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 8, 5th Sept. 1999

========================================================================== == Cyber-Geography Research Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 8, 5th Sept. 1999 == == < > == ==========================================================================



Tel: +44 0171 242 4555

Welcome to the Cyber-Geography Research Bulletin. This is a regular, free, email bulletin to inform you of changes and new additions made to the Geography of Cyberspace Directory and the Atlas of Cyberspaces on the Cyber-Geography Research web site. The bulletin is distributed about once a month, depending on how much time I have available for my cyberspace exploration.

This bulletin is available on the Web at

We are happy to acknowledge the support of CORPEX. They are kindly sponsoring the Cyber-Geography Research web site.

The Geography of Cyberspace Directory
* ography_of_cyberspace.html *
* asa/martin/geography_of_cyberspace.html *

New for the "Mapping the Internet" section:

* Caida are developing a new geographical traceroute application called GTrace. ( )

* A lengthy discussion on the theme of Mapping the Internet at Slashdot from September 02, 1999.
( )

* Interactive maps of African Internet connectivity and performance from August 1998 created by Nemo Semret, Columbia University. ( )

New for the "Visualising Information Spaces" section:

* Jacobson R., 1999, Information Design, (MIT Press: Cambridge, MA).
( )
[Buy the book from and support Cyber-Geography Research]

New for the "Global Internet Diffusion" section:

* Petrazzini B. & Kibati M., 1999, "The Internet in Developing Countries", Communications of the ACM, June 1999, Vol. 42, No. 6, pages 31-36. ( )

* The Human Development Report, 1999, by the UN Development Programme, has useful information and statistics on the global diffusion of the Internet ( ). Chapter two of the report, New technologies and the global race for knowledge is particularly relevant ( ).

*Hargittai E., 1999, "Weaving the Western Web: Explaining Differences in Internet Connectivity Among OECD Countries", Telecommunications Policy, forthcoming. ( )

New in the "Internet Statistics" section:

* The latest Internet Domain Survey, conducted by Network Wizards ( and sponsored by the Internet Software Consortium (, in July 1999 showed an estimated 56.2 million hosts on the Internet. This is an increase of nearly thirteen million hosts from January 1999. ( )

New for the "References" section:

* Abbate J., 1999, Inventing the Internet, (MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.).
( )
[Buy the book from and support Cyber-Geography Research]

* Harpold T. & Kavita P., 1999, "Of Bugs and Rats: Cyber-cleanliness, Cyber-squalor, and the Fantasies of Globalization", paper presented at Exploring Cybersociety Conference, University of Northumbria, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, UK, July 5-9, 1999. ( )

* Jiang B. & Ormeling F.J., 1999, Mapping Cyberspace: Visualising, Analysing and Exploring Virtual Worlds, Working Paper 11, March 1999, Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London. ( )

* Wheeler D.C. & O'Kelly M.E., 1999, "Network Topology and City Accessibility of the Commercial Internet", The Professional Geographer, August 1999, Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 327-339 (No information available online.)

New for the "Some Other Stuff" section:

* A couple of short articles from Boardwatch Magazine ( that reveal just how unimpressive and mundane the core Internet infrastructure really is.
- "I Saw The Internet Today: A Visit to the London Internet Exchange", by Todd Judd Erickson, May 1999.
( )
- "8100 Boone: A Banal Tower Of Babel: A Visit to MAE East", by Greg Tally, July 1999.
( )

An Atlas of Cyberspaces
* *
* *
* *

New for the "Artistic" page:

* Images of cyberspace from the film The Matrix created by the special effects company Animal Logic. ( )

New for the "Traceroute" page:

* Updated the image of NeoTrace application which now does geographic tracerouting. ( )

New on the "Census Maps" page:

* Two maps showing the changing geographic distribution of ISPs in the USA from September 1996 to October 1998. Based on economic analysis of ISP markets by Shane Greenstein and Tom Downes, Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University. ( )

New for the "Information Landscapes" page:

* A visualisation of human extensibility produced by Paul Adams, a geographer at Texas A&M University. The image is of a CAD-model that shows the different communications spaces used by five connected people during one day. ( )

New one the "ISP Maps" page:

* A real-time "weather map" of the Abilene network produced by Indiana University. ( )

* An updated map of UUNET's global network has been added. ( )

New for the "Historical" page:

* A map showing the topology of ARPANET in March 1977. It was scanned by Larry Press from the ARPANET Completion Report, Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Burlington, MA, January 4, 1978 ( )

* An interesting looking map showing the state of the core of the Internet in August 1987. It could be described as the "Internet on a chip". This coloured version was provided by Craig Partridge ( )

Please remember there is a mirror site for the Atlas of Cyberspaces in the USA at (The mirror was kindly donated by TeleGeography, Inc., Washington D.C. -

Map of the Month
* *

Map of the Month columns in Mappa Mundi Magazine.

* August's column discussed Internet Arcs Around The Globe, the work of Tamara Munzner mapping the MBone.
( )

* September's column, Mapping How The Data Flows, looked at geographic traceroutes.
( )


thanks for your attention
martin dodge


I welcome your comments on the usefulness of the bulletin and also on my Web pages. Suggestions for new information on the theme of the geography of the Internet, WWW and Cyberspace are also welcome. Send them to

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(Copyright (c) Martin Dodge, 1999)